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Cres Island, the largest Adriatic island (area equal to that of the island - 405.78 km2), located in the northern part of the Kvarner Bay. In the south, in Osor, connected by bridge to the island of Losinj.
Photo: Roland Stollner / Source: dreamstime.com
Cres is a mountainous island 66 km long and in width from 2-12 km. The coastline is rugged and long, about 247.7 km and has many coves and pebble beaches along the west and south, while northern and eastern part of the laureate steep and rough rocks. The highest peaks of the island are Gorica (648m) and Sis (638m).
As a special attraction should be noted the unusual occurrence of a natural freshwater lake Vrana, measuring 5.75 square kilometers, the approximate volume of 220 million m3. Level of the lake is above the surrounding sea, and its bottom is below sea level at a depth of 74m.
Cres characterized by great contrasts between the northern sub-Mediterranean area with high and dense forests of oak, hornbeam, elm and chestnut, and central and southern parts of the Mediterranean, which is abundant pastures bare and thick underbrush.
The great wealth of flora (about 1300 species) and fauna, with an exceptional number of endemic and relict species, is a real challenge for nature lovers. On Cres is also one of the last habitats of rare birds - the griffon vulture. After two years of scientific research colony on the island in which they reside are declared "a special ornithological reserve."
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