Central Croatia

In the heart of Zagorje, everything begins and ends with the inevitable and the famous site of early man and the Museum of evolution in which each Husnjakovo awakens awe and wonders.
Photo: Depositphotos / mrak.hr

Tame zagorski city located just 50-kilometers away from Zagreb. It has a rich heritage of 130 that goes back thousands of years when they were in the area of Mount Hušnjakovog Krapina prehistoric people have left their indelible mark that he saw the light of day thanks to Dragutin Gorjanović Kramberger, a prominent geologist, paleontologist and paleonantropologu. He is credited as the Krapina carried the name across the world.

Krapinčani are very proud of the Krapina fortress owned by King Louis I, Count Hermann II. Celje, ban Vitovac, King Matthias Corvinus and the Croatian ban Ivaniš Korvin ... Here was born Gaius Louis, the father of the Croatian National Revival and the Krapina walked the streets and August, Marija Juric Zagorka, Janko Leskovar, Ivo Andric ...

While the embrace of the past, strong and pervasive, Krapina today offers something for everyone. There are cultural events throughout the year - including Carnival, Acting festival, Dubravka Ivančani Days, Days Festival Hall, Summer in Krapina, Day of the traditional events Zagorski music festival "Firefox" (since 1996. Years) and unavoidable Week kajkavske culture with kajkavian popevka ceremonies held for the full 43 years.

The rich gastronomic offer from Krapina restaurants enticing smells and attracts tourists palate chance. But if the soul longs for peace in the embrace of nature, numerous hiking trails and paths, most notably Put Dedek Kajbumščaka will show you all the splendor and beauty of the landscape of Krapina.

For art lovers there is a sculpture park in the open "form received", which is located on a hill Josipovac and City Gallery, and if you want to immerse briefly into the past walk through the narrow city center, from the promenade National Revival, Croatian Heritage Park, where there is a birthplace Louis Gaja, Gaja Louis to the square and across the street from the Municipal narrow streets to the famous krapinske works, "Old Town".

Anyway, it all begins and ends with the inevitable and the famous site of early man and the Museum of evolution in which each Husnjakovo overawed and wonders: "Why did prehistoric people settled right here?" The answer is clear: but then it was clear that this is a pleasant place to live! And so it remained till the present day. Krapina is proud of its rich past, but is also highly geared towards the future. So come in Krapina and discover her own strengths and beauty, and Krapinčani will welcome you with a famous popevka: "Well we došel friend!"

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Town Krapina is central Croatian highlands. Situated along the river Krapinčicu. The very name of the city is closely associated with the name of a river that was once rife with freshwater fish carp. On kajkavian dialect carp fish called carp.

The history of mankind in Krapina reaches far into the past from 120000-50000 years as testified by the remains of a man on the hill neandretalskog Hušnjakovo in the western part of the Krapina.

The first written documents in Krapina 1193rd year. In the Middle Ages there was a fort at the foot of Krapina which began to develop the settlement. The fort itself and the former manor were the royal estates. Since 14 century that it seeing some noble family. At that time a royal charter, Krapina become free trading. Keglević aristocratic family in the first half of the 16th century manor bought Krapina and settled in the middle then the largest Turkish incursions into Croatia. Families were the protectors of the religious orders and the Krapina in the 17th century appear Franciscans who built the church of St. Catherine and a Franciscan monastery. During the 18 th century in Zagorje proštenjarske vowed to build a church dedicated to the miraculous Madonna, thus occurs in Krapina famous church on a reed tip. In the 19 th century, at the time of awakening national consciousness and the establishment of the Croatian language, was born in Krapina Louis Gaj, ideological leader of the Croatian National Revival.

Modernization processes in the city continued into the second half of the 19th century until the outbreak of World War II. Large role in all this was the construction of the "Zagorje railroad," which was first protutnjila the end of 1886th years and because of its importance has been dubbed "life blood" of the Croatian Zagorje.

An integral part of general culture among the citizens and affirms the nurturing of social culture, which in various ways in accordance with the development of medical science, is present in Krapina, but during the Middle Ages. In the early 20th century, namely 1903rd Open the famous so-called Kneipp spa. Krapinske Mrzlica, and then the modern health center that operates today.

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Start the Krapina craft is related to the XV. century, since he received a memorandum Krapina "free royal poveljnog marketplace" with all the benefits that follow from it. Over the years they first developed crafts such as blacksmiths, gumbara, potters, boot makers, butchers, bakers and other activities that 1837.g. involved in a large Krapinski Guild, while the artisans from the city of Krapina connect with artisans from surrounding towns and now acting as an association of craftsmen and Municipalities of Krapina Đurmanec, Autumn, and Petrovsko Radoboj. On the eve of World War Krapina has a leather factory, furniture, stoves potassium, print shop, a brickyard, sawmill, and the first in Zagorje and water and gets 1886th vol. and railways, which connects with Zagreb.

Today Krapina no longer the great economic capacity, as was the case in the recent past, and develop businesses with fewer employees. In a circle of large companies, only for Kotka dd (men's clothing manufacturing) and Unity Container Inc. manufacturing and metal structures and parts thereof).

The town of Krapina mainly develops small business and handicrafts, among which is the most frequent construction, then the printing industry, many trading - catering and shipping activities, which contributed to the development of proximity to border crossings. Since it is required to scope and flow of goods in passenger and freight traffic with foreign countries in 2005. vol. was established in Krapina Krapina Carinarica as companies from the City and County helps business relating to overseas.

Town Krapina all tradesmen involved in so-called. "Ancient craft" tax free to the company, utility charges and monument annuities with the intention that through this form of assistance to help the survival of such crafts. Town Krapina helps entrepreneurs and through co-financing of interest on loans.

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Popular Krapina Neanderthal or "dedek Kajbumščak", scientifically known as Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, discovered in 1899. when they began geological and palaeontological research in Husnjakovo hill in Krapina. Excavations lasted for six years under the supervision of Professor Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger, a famous Croatian geologist, Paleontology and Paleoanthropology. Half-cave in Krapina soon be included in the scientific sites of the world as a rich fossil site on which he raised the largest and richest collection of Neanderthal man. The layers of the cave, about eight feet high, was found about nine hundredths of human fossil bones, belonging to the fossil remains of dozens of individuals of different genders and aged 2-40 years.

They were found numerous fossil remains of cave bears, wolves, moose, giant deer, toplodobnog rhinoceros, wild cattle imnogih other animals. More than a thousand pieces of stone tools recovered from the Paleolithic period, or Old Stone Age, evidence of the material culture of the Krapina Neanderthal. Age of the rich paleontological site corresponds to a period of about 130 000 years. The interpretation of the Krapina site there are different theories that are still the subject of numerous debates paleoanthropological. After several centuries of existence, it is particularly attractive because of its paleontological significance and the large number of fossil specimens. Is protected as the first paleontological nature monument in Croatia, and not surprisingly one of the richest habitats Paleolithic Neanderthal man in the world.

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Every year in early September starts Week kajkavske culture multitude of events and therefore the Festival celebrates the old-fashioned things, Zagorje. Children's Parade, Zagorski Economic Association, Kaj in words, song, painting and dancing, a lot of external events, are part of the traditional culture of the Week kajkavske.

The first Sunday in August began the summer in Krapina. Excursion train "Krapek, visitors from Zagreb can directly reach the Krapina and with expert guidance can visit the sights, Gaja Louis Museum, Museum of Evolution Hušnjakovo, St.. Nicholas, the Baroque church on a reed Peak, St.. Catherine and the Franciscan monastery.

Sunday before Carnival "reserved" for the carnival parade: primary schools, kindergartens, associations engaged in making masks and writing krapinskih špelancija.

Easter week begins Acting festival in Krapina. Ten days of the most popular Croatian plays from last season with outdoor amenities (KUD-ovi, wind orchestras) are acting program of the festival.

City Day is celebrated on St. Nicholas 6th December, which is the patron saint of the parish. Costumes, dances, contests, souvenirs, food - are the backbone of the traditional ball on the occasion of the celebration of the city.

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Krapinske spa is famous thermal spa and one of the most idyllic corners of the Croatian Zagorje region, located between picturesque Zagorje "hills". From Zagreb Krapinske Spa is approximately 45 km. In addition to treatment programs and medical rehabilitation of the hotel and catering business (hotel Aquae Viva Aparthotel Villa Magdalena), the Krapina springs are successfully implemented and medically programmed active vacations that consist of medical and sports sections. Guests can use a large recreational center area of ​​5000 square feet with as many as 11 pools, of which four open and six closed.

Zagreb Spa is located 40 km north of Zagreb, at the foot of Medvednica. The thermal springs of medicinal water with a temperature of 45 to 65 degrees meet year-round and semi-enclosed swimming pool with waterfalls, cannons and hydro-massage in a variety of levels. Within them is a fitness gym, sauna, beauty and nail salons and a restaurant and pastry shop. For ljiječenje išialgije, rheumatism, discopathy and conditions after injuries, was secured under the expert supervision of doctors and physiatrists.

Terme Jezerčica in Lower Stubica, at the very source of natural mineral thermal water open in 2005. year. Hotel Terme Jezerčica has 108 beds. Throughout the hotel complex was conducted by a natural spring thermal water temperature of 36 º C. Wellness Center includes indoor and outdoor wellness with sauna, whirlpool, outdoor cold pool, facilities for various types of massage, ayurvedic treatments and swimming pool with thermal water, it will certainly be a favorite place of relaxation. Terme Jezerčica develop and congress tourism.

Tuheljske spa was known in Roman times, people called them "smelling topljicama" (a strong smell of hydrogen sulfide) or "bogečkim" spa (there were swum surrounding poor people). The temperature of water at source is 33 ° C. Along with the healing water spas are known for the famous grainy, mineral mud Peloid. Contain indoor and outdoor pools, wellness, slides and water cannons ...

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Construction of forts and fortified towns on the Croatian Zagorje region began in the late Middle Ages, especially in the period from December. Only the XVI century, some still preserved in its entirety, and many are in ruins. During the XV. and XVI century intensified the construction of castles, castles and citadels, and to the Turkish threat. Baroque Period (XVII and XVIII century.) In the Croatian Zagorje region was characterized by building castles, villas and manors. This tradition continued throughout the nineteenth. century, and at the end of the century was completed. The largest number of Zagorje castles dating from the period just XVII. and XVIII. century and were built under the direct influence of central European, Austrian construction school.

To date, significant evaluated and incorporated into the tourist offer only castles Trakošćan the park-forest and lake, Veliki Tabor and Bežanec. The baroque castle Mihanovic, which is located within the Tuhelj spa, and the castle Đalski Zabok were realigned and transformed into restaurants.

The most famous, most visited, and certainly the most attractive castle Croatian Zagorje undoubtedly Trakošćan. Castle of the 1568th almost three and a half centuries was owned by Count Draskovic, who have been known for the popular feudal nobles of the time. Somewhat isolated in the hills between straight up and Macelj Strahinčica, situated on a hill with a park in the middle of the forest-park and is one of the monuments of culture and nature, the highest category. Next to the castle there is a Trakoscan lake, which was created in mid-nineteenth. century construction of the dam and the rearrangement of parts of the river source Bednja.

Not far from Desinića, on a hill rising up Veliki Tabor, the best preserved medieval fortress, not only in the Croatian Zagorje region, but also the whole of Croatia. It is counted among our most popular castles. The first owner was the Count of Celje, and was in possession of the family Ratkay, Earl Tugutha and Zagreb brothers Grunvald traders. In addition to the museum with the ethnographic, geological, paleontological and anthropological collections, war arsenal and old cars that date from the XIX. century legend about tragic love Veronica Desinićke (whose skull is kept in the castle) and royalty Frederik Celje, tourists, interesting and international fencing tournament in each year since 1983. traditionally held on 28th June, then falconry in the month of October, and since 2003. Tabor and international film-festival in July.

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