Pag Island

Dalmatia - Zadar

The island of Pag is the area's fifth largest island in the Adriatic Sea, but the long coastline of 269.2 kilometers, most developed island of the Adriatic (indented coefficient 4.5). Pag is the town of sea salt.
Pag Island
Pag Island
Photo: Depositphotos / xbrchx

The island is known for its poor coverage of vegetation and it is often compared to the lunar surface. Rocky landscape with only a few blades of aromatic plants by grazing sheep creates a little spooky feeling, and the result is the position of the Velebit mountain from which the whole year (especially in winter) to blow a strong wind carrying salty water from the Velebit channel.

The island is, on the south side, it can reach a bridge (340 m) from Zadar, ie Posedarje Žigljen or ferry to the north of the island from the port Prizna.

The biggest, the bay of Pag is rounded by 20 km of beaches. Pag is unique due to its vegetation where trees are almost there - Pag largest kingdom of rocky ground on the Adriatic, where thin grass, low aromatic herbs, sage and immortelle. This is exactly what herbs is essential in the diet of island sheep, giving a special taste of the famous cheese.

The cuisine is first class sheep cheese and lamb, and various seafood.
Pag is the town of sea salt. Because of its importance in the 15th Century was founded as a planned and Pag fortified city, which during the visit gives a special feeling. For Pag can still see the salt manufacture by draining of the small clay pools in which the introduced sea (saline). These pans than providing authentication, appreciate the motive for the shooting.

Pag is the town famous lace craft lace that nurtured through the centuries, each has a unique item, and the slow and demanding work lives on today in the streets of the old town.

Pag offers unusual shapes, wild exoticism, gentle oasis, hiking trails and shallow bays to visit lasted several days. Travel north side of the island is recommended during the summer, and then suddenly rush out in a special world of rock and sea, to anyone who has had a pioneering investigator in itself, can be special, memorable experience.

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The most interesting cultural place in the town of Pag is the oldest town on the island. Kilometer to the south are remains of a settlement (a fortified monastery and church) which preceded today's Pag - the Old town of Pag which Bela IV 30.3.1244. year gave the attributes of a free royal city. Building a new town by strict designs Croatian Renaissance sculptor and architect George Dalmatian began in 1443 year and ended after 2 decades. At the central square there is the parish church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, of its exterior and interior architectural solutions, and exhibits a valuable cultural and artistic monument. All over town, you can see beautifully carved doorposts on the entrances of the noblemen's houses and yards, baroque balconies, stone coats of arms of 15 to 18 century and a magnificent portal to the duke. This well-preserved medieval town whose center is the monument, and today serves as the administrative, cultural and commercial center. Benedictine convent near many valuable religious relics and pictures, keeps the tradition of making baskotine, aromatic biscuits that are offered at the entrance to the monastery.

The bay of Pag is rounded by 20 km of gravel and sand. In addition to 4 hotels in the city has a modern private accommodation. During the winter carnival, summer carnivals during the season is a rich cultural and entertainment program. From centuries-old traditions can be distinguished "Pag Slave" in the style of "kolo", folklore, carnival wheel next to the town brass band, old folk costumes, songs and dances to "mišnjicama" (the carnival is held during the last days of July).

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The nearby village with a campsite and marina in the bay Šimuni fishing village with a very good tourist perspective. Simuni camp is the largest and best-equipped camp on the island, throughout the length of the beach. Šimuni Marina with 50 berths and is situated in the northern part of Simuni in a sheltered bay.

The characteristic relief paga makes lowland coastal areas Košljun Bay and further to the northwest to the bay and harbor breakthrough, and to the southeast to the bay and port of Pag, which is the youngest inhabitants of tourism. The vast area of ​​the village is covered with rich vineyards. In Povljani no larger tourist facilities, so the offer is based on a private placement. Be sure to see the early Croatian church of Sv. Nicholas from the 11th century and the ornithological reserve Velo mud on the road to the village Pleiades.

North of the bay Šimuni the warm and sunny side of the island, the smaller islands Maun and Skrda more developed tourist resort of the individual, and the corresponding port of Mandre, resting residents of nearby villages Kolan, only without direct access to the sea. Kolan in the center keeps an ethnographic collection. In the mid eighties built the first tourist village Gajac north of the port of Mandre.

Košljun Smokvica, Pleiades, and Dinjiška Miškovići are very pleasant and peaceful island villages that have their future because of their geographical position on the coast and the kindness of nature directed toward tourism.

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Novalja is a tourist resort island. Developed in the mild Bay north of the island. Special attractions are its beautiful sand and pebble beaches which surround it. In many restaurants, pubs and bistros have at your disposal a rich variety of choices, from the simplest to the chosen dishes. Terraces of different cafes create a special summer atmosphere where guests can refresh and entertain with the sounds of music. On the beaches and the sea can be used for wide range of recreational and sports programs (slides, scooters, beach ...)

Many visitors, especially younger entertained until late at night in a modern night-clubs to open near the beach Zrće. The town shall have to see the Roman aqueduct, where the temperature is in the midst of the greatest summer heat keeps the chilly fifteen degrees Celsius. You can see Stomorica - a large collection of early Christian antiquities, and the basilica urbana faithfully preserved mosaics. There is also Cissa (today Caska) remains a large military camp built by the Roman army. Novalja has become a destination for many tourists because of its location in a warm cove between the pine forest, and a real Mediterranean atmosphere with its surroundings, which are filled with wonderful beaches.

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The particularity of the Pag cheese is its hardness and salinity, and specific aroma and flavor that give the essential oils of aromatic plants. Sheep are raised in mountainous areas that are exposed to frequent strong winds due to salt. It is this salt, sage and immortelle make cheese, recognizable flavor. Cheese can be purchased during the winter and early spring months. Young cheese is much softer and lighter than the mature cheese. Mature (old) can grate cheese and use as a food additive.

Pag lamb (lamb weight of 7-10 kg) is the best in January, February and March, during the milking ovaca.Njena specificity very soft and very tasty meat in which lambs can enjoy. The best roasted with potatoes on the grill (grill).

Pork production on the island of Pag by the end of 19th century has had an important role. Today, ham products, mainly in the southern part of the island, in places Dinjiška and the Pleiades, it is rarely found in other island locations. Pag ham is considered a very high quality. Curing with domestic salt, and dried in the strong winter storm.

Pag sage honey is the most sought after on the Croatian market, primarily because of its medicinal properties, and because it is environmentally the cleanest. It is well known that Pag sage contains more essential oils of sage, which grows on the surrounding islands and coastal areas. High quality honey contributed to the specific weather conditions - wind and salt.

Baškotina are kind of hard biscuits produced only in the city of Pag. Can be purchased solely for the Benedictine Monastery of St.. Margarita Street Jose Felicinovića. Baškotin is very tasty and spicy, and the tradition of its creation is very long. Belongs easier rolls. You can eat the (bite), but the best is dipped in a white, slightly sweeter coffee.

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The city of Pag is rich in historical and cultural monuments. The most important buildings are the Collegiate Church of the Assumption of Mary, the Rector's Palace and the Tower Skrivanat - the only one remaining of nine towers that are along the walls, used to encircle the city.

Besides these buildings, you can see the Church of St.. George, vol. Francis Monastery of St.. Margaret and salt. History of the Benedictine monastery in Pag begins long ago in the period of Croatian national rulers, men's community in the abbey of St.. Peter on Prosika, several centuries before the foundation of the Benedictine community in the old Pag. Benedictine were taught lacemaking and lace sold in Venice and later in Austria. They are credited as the lacework of Pag and expanded the city became an important source of income for many families of island.

During the summer, in the town of Pag held a series of cultural events including the famous Festival "Pag Summer" in which many renowned musicians from the Croatian and the world. In the gallery of the church of St. George and the City Hall Art exhibitions are held. In Skrivanat Tower and the atrium of the Rector's Palace are organized theatrical performances and concerts.

The city of Pag has a rich folklore heritage. Rich folk costume is beautiful colors and shapes, and is particularly attractive female headdress trimmed lace. Pag lace is the most authentic souvenir made by sewing, and is used as a standalone piece of clothing or decoration. The central part of the summer marks the Summer Pag Carnival, when the town's main square IV town brass band playing traditional Pag round, held a masked ball, to sing folk songs and performed folk drama "Slave". The biggest religious holiday in Pag is the Assumption, 15 August, celebrated a solemn procession.

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Pag is built in the period from 1443 the 1474th year. Local people, because of the danger from the Turks, who at the time broke up the hinterland of Zadar, 1443rd The city began to build in a place called the Bay catena. Before that Pag had already moved twice. Since ancient times, until the end of the 4th centuries, it existed at a place called Caska (lat: Kiss or Cissa). Caska has sunk due to an earthquake, so the local people moved to the site much further south, at a place now called the Old Town.

In the 10th century, the town of Pag is fully urbanized, has the city walls, towers, Fortress, squares, churches, monasteries, settlements and the People's Palace. Residents of the city are engaged in trade, fishing, animal husbandry, they were sailors and salt producers. Place Košljun was output port city.

In 1192nd built the church of Sts. Mary, which still dominates the Old Town area. One of the most important event in the history of the town has been getting Bule King Bela IV. which awarded the town of Pag status of the Royal Borough 30th March 1244th year. After assigning the status of the Royal Borough, Pag rapidly developed economically.

Croatian king Louis I 1376th The Pag confirmed the right of free royal town, and gave him the present, and even some new privileges. King Ladislaus, 1403rd year, selling its share of Venice and Dalmatia, including the city of Pag. In this way, for several centuries, Pag belonged to the Venetian Republic.

In the mid 15th century Turkish threat was increasing, so the local people 1443rd year, begin construction of a new city, a place where he is today. Urban planning for a new city the then respected the principles of architecture and urbanism, and plans were made in Venice. In preparation of urban plans participated in a great builder and sculptor George Matthew Dalmatians.

Strong and powerful walls, reinforced by nine towers, surrounded by Pag and defended it from every attack. This population is ensured peace, a city of progress. At the time of Pag develop economic ties with other areas, and many local people go to famous universities throughout Europe.

On the feast of the Assumption, local people go to the Old City to pray to the miraculous statue of Our Lady of the Old Town. In solemn procession, this miraculous statue bears the Pag and placed in the Collegiate Church of the Assumption of Mary, where it returns to its place of worship on the Feast of the Nativity of Mary, 7 September

At the turn of the 19th the 20th century in the town of Pag 4700 inhabitants lived. Thereafter, especially during the 1905th years after the appearance of a plant disease destroyed the vineyards, there is a great unraveling of the population. There are many local people at that time emigrated, mostly to USA, Canada and Australia.

During the thirties of the 20th century, the agrarian reform, there is a fragmentation of land, weak economic power of the nobility, which gradually begins odlaziti.Članovi great aristocratic family headed to Italy, South America, a part of Zagreb, Rijeka and other cities. In early 60-ies 20th century began to intensively develop tourism. Tourism, as a new industry, giving momentum to the general development and the urban Pag expanding beyond the old city. Arise a new part of the town: Vodice, Blato, Murvica, Varos, Bašaca, Bošana and SS. Jelena. 1968. then opens up a modern hotel "Bellewue" with 370 beds, are regulated by the beach, campsites and roads. Pag is becoming an attractive tourist destination. Opening up coffee bars, night clubs, shops, and also the appearance of a number of services.

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