Požega - History


Southeast placed in the "Golden Valley", which the Romans called Vallis aureae, surrounded by Slavonian mountains ring Psunj, Papuk, Dilj and Krndija, Požega has been through the centuries the most important center of population in western Slavonia. It is the center of the Pozega-Slavonia County and the Diocese of Požega.

Pozega is a city with a long and rich history. History in this region begins in Roman times, when Požega labeled Vallis Aurea or "Golden Valley", a major Roman settlement Incerum was in her heart. Studies have shown the existence of a prehistoric life. Pozega, as we know it today, begins to take shape in the Middle Ages. Old požeški burg built probably in the 11th century. It was a šesterokutnoj found located on a hill in the center.

Pozega 1221st (Požeški burg in the Middle Ages) Today is a hill between Pozega regiment known as the 'old town'. Pozega was once the residence of the Croatian-Hungarian queen, and as such is exempt from the ban and county jurisdiction. Although from the time of obtaining a certificate of status of the Royal Borough is not preserved, Civitas, the citizens have enjoyed the privileges equal to those in the free royal cities. The official status of free royal town Pozega gets 1765th

Pozega which has retained its medieval street layout. It speaks of a very rich and developed the life of the medieval Pozega, which becomes the center of the church, government, commercial, military and other positions, the surrounding region. Pozega county mentioned 1210th year, the city is 1227th referred to as "Castrum de Posega '. Of the important medieval monuments, due to Turkish invasions were only preserved church of Sts. Lawrence (the first mention 1303.g.) with Gothic frescoes and the church of St. Spirit, which dates from 1285 (From the 1573rd to 1688.g. served as a mosque). It still does represent an extremely rich cultural and confirmation of cultural and historical continuity and life of the city since the Middle Ages to the present day. 1537th Pozega under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. Pozega and this has great significance as a center Požega sanjak, administrative and military center of Slavonia. 1688th Fra Luka Sokol Ibrišimović Požegu released by the Turks. During this period, developing Pozega what is know today. The city came under the rule of the Habsburgs. Medieval town basically adds a rich Baroque appearance. Renewed Pozega County, Jesuits Gymnasium (1699.), The fifth oldest in Croatia, and the oldest in present-day Slavonia. 1763rd was built and today the Cathedral of St.. Teresa of Avila. His contribution to the cathedral to its wall paintings was made by famous painters and Celestin Medović Oton Iveković. Because many scientist and writer who gave the Pozega Croatia, and a number of cultural institutions and monuments, Pozega Slavonia was called Athens. Particularly fruitful was the XVIII. and XIX.stoljeće. Renowned painter and writer Matko Peić said Association has many literary and cultural figures that we can talk about Požega literature. In the 19th century declining importance of Pozega in favor of Osijek, Slavonski Brod placed the favorable positions of traffic along the Sava and Drava river, at the time the key factors for building the first railway. the 20th century, going to mass settlement of Pozega population in Herzegovina, Lika, Dalmatia and Gorski Kotar and Zagorje and end of the century mostly refugees from Bosnia. Descendants of these immigrants now make up the majority of the population Požega. Since 1921. until 1991. the city bears the name of Pozega Slavonia to distinguish it from Pozega Serbia. 1993rd After calming the situation in the region renewed Pozega-Slavonia, initially embracing Našice and associated sites, following the merger of Nasice Osijek-Baranja county formed its present appearance of the county.

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