Approximately 1 / 3 area Samobor city is covered by forest. In Samobor Samobor mountains and there are about 200 km of marked hiking trails. Samobor is away from the city of Zagreb, only 25 kilometers from the border crossing with Slovenia in Bregana only four kilometers away. Creating the highway Zagreb - Zagreb, Samobor has become more accessible destination for many tourists and visitors. City of Samobor is a part of Zagreb County. In Samobor has a population of 36,000 inhabitants, of which 16,000 are in the Samobor, and 20 000 living in the surrounding areas that fall under the Local Government Samobor.
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When he founded the first settlement at the site of today's Samobor can not be accurately determined, because so far in the city were found prehistoric sites. From the period 5000-4000 pr.ne the hills around Samobor, on Straznik, Hajdovčaku and Burgenland were found predpovijesni items: stone axes, pottery, weapons parts and tools, which tells us that today's valley location of Samobor is the needs of the people. For the development of urban areas had the area all the river valley, the hills for protection and safety and the Sava River valley intersecting roads.
Residents Samobor marketplaces but are Koloman 1240th The benefits to get them released feudal lordship. Bela IV., Hungarian-Croatian king, referring to earlier this privilege, gave the 1242nd The memorandum Samobor "free royal market. In 1334 was mentioned in the parish church of sv. Anastasia. The present church was built in 1688th the site of an old, dilapidated church. By the end of XIV. century and the beginning of the XV. Samobor century castle remained in possession of kings and governors who control it.
In the sixteenth century the Ottoman conquest of large areas inhabited by Croats, comes to immigration and resettlement of population within the country. In the area Samobor estate in a market comes a wave of settlers from areas that were ravaged by the Turks. Around the 1525th The come in Samobor and Franciscans in the area of Bosnian-Croatian Franciscan Province.
Start XVIII. century was a period of Samobor safer conditions. Throughout the century of intensive building, and the majority of brick houses, manor houses and nearby chapel built or reconstructed in this century. Centuries-old lawsuit that led to a market with the nobles were completed in a compromise verdict 1769th The time for the Empress Maria Theresa. This award is kept in Samobor Museum in book form from 1714 handwritten pages kajkavian, German, Hungarian and Latin.
The feudal fortress (the city) because of frequent changes of owners and defensive end function unchecked, so after 1790th The longer it lives. From the 1721st-1731st The completed construction of the Franciscan Monastery and Church of the Assumption, the site of previous buildings.
After the great fire 1797th vol. burned more than half of the house in Samobor, XIX. century was marked by intensive building boom. Since the main streets, remained unchanged, the city of its new baroque contours completes the construction of many houses along existing roads. The process of defining the urban streets and neighborhoods has resulted in the interiors of exceptional value. The most beautiful example of samoborski central square.
Thirties of the 19th century manor (now Museum) composer Ferde Livadića (1799th-1879th) has become a gathering place for supporters of the Croatian National Movement, and the 1833rd There was a harmonious and patriotic song "More Croatia nij 'failed." Since 1850. The transformation of the government abolished the feudal institution and comes to the modernization of administration and the judiciary.
In the second half of the XIX. Samobor century with municipal services, pošumljuje, regulates the parks, open beaches and seaside inns for the accommodation of guests. Near Zagreb, good road links and natural resources are prerequisites for development as a tourist town Samobor. 1868th worked in the spa with sulphurous water in St. Helena (now Šmidhenovo beach). Since the end of XIX. century in a park on St. Anindol. Anne (July 26), there is the famous parish fair. Today on the Feast of St. Samobor. Anne, celebrated the Day of.
Only by building a bridge over the Sava River at Podsused 1883rd years has created opportunities for linking Samobor with one of the railroads. Finally, the narrow gauge railway, opened to traffic 1,901th year, has connected with Zagreb Samobor. Popular "SETRA" raced until 1979. year.
Feudal city of XIII. century, now ruins, bought samoborska municipalities 1902nd years from the last owner and start edit it for tourism. After II. World War II, the core of the old Samobor were added to all the new settlements, industrial plants moving out of town, and slopes Straznik, Tepca, Anindola and Gizniku become zones for individual housing construction.
All this together makes Samobor city on a human scale, and its surrounding area a desirable place for a healthy life in an exceptional natural environment.
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Old Town from the 13th century - Located on a hill Tepec in ruins (the others are just walls). Life in it lasts until the end of the 18th century, when the owners leave. The shortest route from the town of Samobor to the Old Town Water Street St. Ane or Jurjevsko to Anindola (15 min.) Where a maintained walking trail reaches the entrance to an ancient noble works (15 min.).
Vugrinščak is located at the foot of the hill Tepec, and it builds on the Promenade, Franjo Tudjman, who moves from hotel Lavica, and ends at the perimeter of the park behind the museum. Promenade you come to the foot of the Old City and to St.. Mihalj, the pool and courts for volleyball and playgrounds for children, and then to restaurants (near the inn "Gabreku 1929." And clear "Vugrinščak").
Promenade is a beautiful Anindol samoborsko walkway and woodland park, is located on a hill Tepec. There is a chapel of St.. Anne (on which the walkway was named), a little over the top of Mount St. George. Erected 1933rd vol. during the celebration of 1900 years of salvation through Jesus Christ, the stony way of the Cross with 14 stations decorated with a relief pictures and Calvary. Ranging from the chapel of St.. To the chapel of St. Anne. George. A leisurely walk cross the path of the 14 stations can be visited by 10 to 20 minutes.
Grgosova cave is located at the beginning Otruševec village, 5 km from Samobor. The cave has two halls, a height difference of the entrance to the bottom is 19 m. The cave is about 30 m long and rich in stalactites and stalagmites. Through time it was built and installed electric lighting. At the entrance gate, a key is in the inn "Cave," owner Joseph Grgosova, that is - dug stones, fire Lime - 1973. years and discovered the cave. The wealth of speleothems (stalactites and stalagmites) contributed to Grgosova caves - the most beautiful caves of northwestern Croatian - already in 1974. vol. be declared a protected monument geomorphological nature.
Suban Botanical Garden is the first private botanical garden of medicinal plants in Croatia is situated in the heart of mountainous western part of the Croatian, the peaks and Plesivica Oštrca, near Samobor, a small picturesque village of Lower you. In the garden you can see about 200-tinjak species of medicinal plants.
It can also be reached by bus which goes to Cerje and Bukovje, starts with a bus station Samobor.
Okić old town is situated 5 km south of Samobor, halfway between Samobor and Jastrebarsko. It is unique among the medieval nobility Continental Croatian cities of importance which has since its structure largely belong to the Romanesque period (c. XI-XII.). Okić is appealing to every form of hiking, climbing, and the sharp tour to simply walk over the hills, because there is something that is rare in the Croatian mountains - climbing the path provided in the Alpine way of pins and a steel rope
Want to see how truly looks original farmhouse, ethno house under Okićem. In the north of the Croatian at the foot of the old town on the border and Okić Žumberak - Samobor Mountains, offers visitors a unique atmosphere in an authentic ambience of rural households okićkog end. Its sources and subjects exposed to regional collection okićkog end of the vivid evidence of how not so long ago life in the country.
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Middle latitude, southeast Europe, north-western "corner" Croatian, a feature of the position in space. If we add to this position on the edge of the three great natural environment - the Pannonian Plain in the east, the Dinara mountain range in the south and the Alpine mountain areas to the west, it is clear that the conflict impacts of relief, climate, geological and botanical characteristics of these communities. In the area Samobor feels is mitigated impacts of these regions which brings uniqueness to this end.
The results are extremely favorable conditions for life. The climate is moderate to severe hot summers, cool winters and the optimal amount of rainfall (about 800 mm yr.). Dense, mostly deciduous forests in the mountains and pastures in najvišium areas are a natural environment in which they live is extremely rich in animal and plant communities. They are not rare or endemic species (blagajev wail, holly, etc.). Added convenience makes and altitude, from 130 to over 1100 meters above sea level.
Of special note is the climate that the temperatures are 1-2 degrees Celsius lower than the temperature of nearby Zagreb (20 km to the northeast). Therefore, the summers are more pleasant - less hot, and winters are fresher, which allows longer retention of snow. Thanks indented relief, air currents (winds) and green cover, this is a region free of smog. The properties can be summarized in two words - healthy air.
Samobor is located north of the Croatian border with Slovenia (5 km) and near the Croatian capital - Zagreb (20 km). Slightly to the side of the main airports, road and rail traffic.
On the half hour drive from Zagreb airport, main railway and bus station.
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Samoborsko Gorje Hill Range and Žumberak its preserved nature, rich forests, meadows and pastures, the mountains and plains, springs and streams, caves and archaeological and religious sites, have been a number of climbers and hikers who seek their oasis of peace and beauty. Žumberačka worse is the highest part of the inner Croatian (peak Sveta Gera 1178 m), extends to the southwest - northeast, a distance of about 40 km.
Samobor and Žumberak are intertwined network of hiking trails, which provide numerous trips, and each track offers a different experience. With the marked hiking trails, an excellent opportunity to provide hiking and unmarked trails and roads. With hiking trails can be singled out recreational and educational walks.
With a rich history and tradition Žumberak, tied up and the rich traditional cuisine based on traditional recipes, which are associated with folk customs such as the tasting St Martin geese. Žumberačka lamb, trout and wildlife and various domestic products are just some of the specialties that can be tasted in various restaurants and farms.
Since 1994. at the Nature Park Žumberak-Samobor mountains in the scenic canyon creek Crabs placed its most visited tourist destination, the Eco-Village Žumberak. Here the visitor offers, after only 30-minute drive by car from Zagreb, feeling a mixture of absolute natural wilderness, primeval harmony with untouched nature and warm traditional home atmosphere with the scent of the wild west.
Eco - Village is a popular hangout of many nature lovers as well as a stopover tourists and mountaineers. Not far away are some of the most cultural and natural attractions of the park Žumberak such as Old Town Žumberak, Celtic cemetery, Roman necropolis, a picturesque canyon with waterfalls and Eraser Sopotski waterfall and above the top of Mt St. Gera.
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The traditional economy based on agriculture (farming and animal husbandry) has yielded in the past to the needs of new times. The history of economies in this region include the mining, metal processing, leather processing, the old forms of production and processing of textiles, as well as production of crystals. Contemporary needs caused by changing lifestyles and new technologies have brought to these areas and many new economic activities. Such as various types of trades, industries and services (especially restaurants and shops).
The term is a tradition of leather processing, manufacturing and Bermet Mustard, building industry, "Samobor" based on dolomite rock from Samobor hills, the production of tile stoves and fireplaces, art crystal processing, there are well known Samobor custard slices (preferably in the catering facilities at King's Square Tomislav in other languages), gingerbread and SVJEĆARSKI products, the famous and samoborska kotlovina.
Tourists, these modern nomads, tradition and authenticity of nature can be found in agricultural products on the market in other languages or in the farms and culinary delights at samoborskih caterer. Able to catch stream trout evidence of ecological conservation numerous picturesque streams, and wildlife - from the pheasants and rabbits to deer and wild boar - the animal-rich forests. Medicinal herbs and Žumberački Samobor mountains are the basis of medicinal teas and other preparations.
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Samobor Carnival is the most important and most entertaining event in the tourist town of Samobor that during his visit to the maintenance of about 200 000 people. Carnival has a long tradition of 183 years and among the oldest and largest Croatian Carnival festivities. Today has grown into a modern festival to successfully preserve the tradition and host of the urban mask, and a favorite destination for locals and other guests.
At Carnival in other languages, especially from 1860th years, there has been criticism općedruštvenih and political situation in other languages, but also beyond. For it is the most deserving Joseph Kompare that, except for the skilled trades binder with "vandranja" in Europe and the Samobor brought in some elements of the various European carnival. This criticism općedruštvenih opportunity and great carnival scene on a mobile carriage (allegoric cars). He has written articles, illustrations, painted and acted, and all until 1885. was the organizer and leader of masked parades in other languages. Then the street and the square becomes the main place of carnival spelancija. Criticism of the general will take the opportunity and Samobor Carnival leaves of which only "Sraka" since 1904. years, with interruptions, until this day comes (and it was 60-years created these masked character).
Today is Samobor Carnival is one of the traditional events that become a trademark of Samobor, a symbol of his identity, a sort of cultural property Samobor. In those days, Samobor was the merriest, most beautiful, at the height of his spirit. To know how many guests from neighboring towns. All this guarantees a good time to Samobor streets, bars and amusement park for visitors of all ages. It is particularly interesting and attractive masked parade with allegorical carts local committees from around the city who perform traditional spelancije on various current issues, children's carnival, which gives an overview of what all children's imagination with a little help educators and trainers able to imagine and create, and completion of Carnival , 24 February with the traditional burning dolls of Prince Carnival.
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